Materi Bahasa Inggris “Modals”

Semua auxiliary verbs “kecuali be, do dan have” disebut modals. Tidak seperti auxiliary verbs lainnya, modals juga berfungsi sebagai kata kerja Bantu dan tidak dapat berdiri sendiri. Perhatikan contoh-contoh Modals di bawah ini beserta fungsi dari Modals melalui contoh kalimat yang diberikan.

Can

  • They can control their own budgets. (kemampuan/kemungkinan)
  • Can I smoke here? (Minta Izin)
  • Can you help me?  (Permintaan)

Could

  • Could I borrow your dictionary? (Minta Izin)
  • Could you say it again more slowly? (Permintaan)
  • We could try to fix it ourselves. (Saran)
  • I think we could have another Gulf War. (Kemungkinan)
  • He gave up his old job so he could work for us. (Kemampuan)

May

  • May I have another cup of coffee? (Minta Izin)
  • China may become a major economic power. (Kemungkinan)

Might

  • They might give us a 10% discount. (Kemungkinan)

Must

  • We must say good-bye now. (Keharusan)
  • They mustn’t disrupt the work more than necessary. (Larangan)

Ought to

  • We ought to employ a professional writer. (Menyarankan)

Shall

(jarang dipakai di Amerika)

  • Shall I help you with your luggage? (Menawarkan)
  • Shall we say 2.30 then? (Menyarankan)
  • Shall I do that or will you? (Meminta)

Should

  • We should sort out this problem at once. (Menyarankan)
  • I think we should check everything again. (Merekomendasikan)
  • Profits should increase next year.  (Prediksi tak tentu)

Will

  • I can’t see any taxis so I’ll walk. (Keputusan Spontan)
  • I’ll do that for you if you like. (Menawarkan)
  • I’ll get back to you first thing on Monday. (Janji)
  • Profits will increase next year.  (Prediksi tak tentu)

Would

  • Would you mind if I brought a colleague with me? (Minta Izin)
  • Would you pass the salt please? (Permintaan)
  • Would you mind waiting a moment? (Permintaan)
  • “Would three o’clock suit you?” – “That’d be fine.” (Mengatur)
  • Would you like to play golf this Friday? (Mengundang)
  • “Would you prefer tea or coffee?” – “I’d like tea please.” (Merujuk)

Modal auxiliary verbs selalu diikuti oleh bentuk kata kerja pertama.

Modals = helping verb

Contoh :

  • Will
  • May
  • Can
  • Should
  • Must

Rumus :

S + Modals + V1 (+)
Modals + S + V1 (?)
S + Modals + not (-)

Ingat : apabila ada kata kerja setelah Subjek jangan pakai tobe (are, am, is, was, were)

S + Modals + be + adj (noun+adv) (+)
Modlas + S + be + adj (noun+adv) (-)
S + Modals + not + adj (nount+adv) (?)

Modals dalam bentuk aktif dan pasif

Rumus kalimat aktif :
S + Modals + v1 + O e.g. he can buy the computer

Rumus kalimat pasif:
S + Modals + be + V3 + O e.g. the computer can be bought by him

Tamabahan :
Arti dari breakfast berasal dari kata break yang artinya memecahkan dan fast artinya puasa, jadi memecahkan puasa setelah semalaman tidur.

Beda Tall dan High
Tall –> yang tumbuh kembang (kuda, pohon, manusia dll)
High –> yang statis (bangunan)

Beda home dan house
Home –> (bukan bersifat fisik) tapi ke psikologis contoh : saya betah di rumah ini
House –> bersifat fisik contoh : ini rumah saya

 

4 Comments Add yours

  1. dillah says:

    thanks…
    this is verry good

  2. tahmisyudin says:

    I LIKE.but kurang lengkap

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